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CI Integration

LUnit was designed to easily and natively integrate into continuous integration (CI) pipelines. To achieve this, a way of executing tests from the command line is needed and the results need to be available in a format which may be digested by the CI system.

Executing Tests from the Command Line

LUnit installs a command line operation using the LabVIEW native LabVIEWCLI by NI. This operation is named LUnit and may be called using LabVIEWCLI -OperationName LUnit. An example ilustrating the useage of the CLI i provided at ...\LabVIEW 20XX\examples\Astemes\LUnit\LUnit CLI A path to load tests from is provided using the -ProjectPath argument and the report directory is specified using the -ReportPath argument.

When executing tests from the command line, the test case index is cleared and re-created by default each time. This ensures that all inherited test methods are detected*, at the expense of some overhead for test discovery. The -ClearIndex flag may be used to override this behaviour and re-use the index to improve the execution time.

Argument Description
-ProjectPath The project containing the tests to be executed. The interface also accepts libraries or test case classes of types .lvlib or .lvclass.
-TestRunners Specifies the number of parallell test runners to spawn. Default value is 1.
-ReportPath The output path for the report file generated. The execution generates either a .txt-file or an .xml-file, based on the path specified.
-ClearIndex Clear the index and force LUnit to rediscover all tests. Default is True. The index must be cleared to find new tests inherited for a Test Case.

The LabVIEW CLI uses VI Server and by default it is configured to work on port 3363. You will need to make sure that the connection is not blocked by firewalls.

Capturing the Test Results

Test results are saved in a text based format at the location specified when executing the command line operation.

LUnit has a built in xml-format for test reports which is using the same structure as the one used by JUnit testing framework and specified here. To use the JUnit xml format, you must provide a file path with the .xml extenssion. Once the tests have finished, the result file is available at the specified path. File may now be digested by most CI tools. For Jenkins this is done using the JUnit plugin.

Jenkins Example

Jenkins is a popular open source automation server used for continuous integration and delivery pipelines. A pipeline in Jenkins may be configured using a declarative Jenkinsfile which may be saved directly in the repository. Below is an example showing a basic configuration.

pipeline {
    agent any
        LV_PROJECT_PATH = "Path to Your LabVIEW Project.lvproj"
        NUM_TEST_RUNNERS = "1"
        LV_PORT = "3363"
    stages {
        stage('Unit Tests') {
            steps {
                bat "LabVIEWCLI -OperationName LUnit -ProjectPath \"${WORKSPACE}\\${LV_PROJECT_PATH}\" -TestRunners ${NUM_TEST_RUNNERS} -ReportPath \"${WORKSPACE}\\lunit_reports\\lunit.xml\" -ClearIndex TRUE -PortNumber ${LV_PORT} -LogFilePath \"${WORKSPACE}\\LabVIEWCLI_LUnit.txt\" -LogToConsole true -Verbosity Default"

                junit "lunit_reports\\*.xml"

The pipeline above declares three environment variables used to configure the call to LUnit using the LabVIEW CLI. The first is the path to the project file relative to the workspace, i.e. the path relative to the root of the repository where the Jenkinsfile is located. The second is the number of parallell test runners to spawn, here configured to one. The third parameter is the port configured for VI server in LabVIEW under Tools->Options->VI Server.

The report is saved in the path lunit_reports using the file name lunit.xml with incrementing index. After the execution of tests using the bat command the junit plugin is called to digest the report files generated. This requires that the Jenkins JUnit plugin is installed, which it is by using the recommended default settings when installing Jenkins.

Note that this is a minimal example meant to demonstrate the concept. It could be improved significantly to reduce the details in the Jenkinsfile using shared libraries. As an example, the build system used to build LUnit uses a simpler command runLUnit "${LV_PROJECT_PATH}" in the Jenkinsfile in stead of the rather detailed bat command.

* Footnote on Test Finder indexing

The test finder keeps an index of all test methods for all test classes in the project. When the test finder is started, it loads the index and compares all classes to the index. If the classes has changed since the index was created, the class will be re-indexed. As of version 1.0, the test indexer will however not re-index a class when a parent class has added a dynamic test method. To detect new inherited dynamic method the test index must be re-created, which happens when the -ClearIndex flag is left at default value True.